Zhao Ziyang

(1919–2005)
   Served as premier of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from 1980 until 1987 and then general secretary of the party. A successful administrator and effective economic policy maker, he achieved note outside of China primarily through his stand against the violent repression of the Tiananmen Square protests. Born in Henan province Zhao joined the Young Communist League at the age of 13 in 1932 and the Chinese Communist Party in 1938. He rose to become first secretary of the Guangdong area party organization, but was purged during the Cultural Revolution. Rehabilitated, he became chief administrator of Sichuan province in 1975, a full member of the Politburo in 1979 and premier of the PRC in 1980. He resigned as premier and became general secretary of the party in 1987, and was ousted from this position in 1989 during the pro-democracy demonstrations. Arguing for a moderate line against the student protestors in Tiananmen Square he defied party discipline when he was voted down and went to meet the protestors. He was forced to retire from public life, prohibited from speaking in public, and had his traveling restricted, but was allowed to retain his comfortable lifestyle until his death.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zhao Ziyang — (links) und US Präsident Ronald Reagan vor dem Weißen Haus am 10. Januar 1984 Zhao Ziyangs Unterschrift …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zhao Ziyang — 赵紫阳 Mandats 3e Premier ministre de la République populaire de Chine 10  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zhao Ziyang —   [dʒao ], Chao Tzu yang, chinesischer Politiker, * im Kreis Huaxian (Provinz Henan) 17. 10. 1919; seit 1938 Mitglied der KP, 1965 67 Erster Sekretär der KP in der Provinz Guangdong, 1967 im Zuge der Kulturrevolution entmachtet, fasste zu Beginn… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zhao Ziyang — [jou′dzē yäŋ′] 1919 ; Chin. Communist leader: premier of China (1980 88); general secretary of the Communist Party (1987 89) …   English World dictionary

  • Zhao Ziyang — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zhao (趙/赵). Zhao Ziyang 赵紫阳 Zhao Ziyang at Pearl Harbor during his visit to the United States in 1984 General Secretary of the Communist Party of China …   Wikipedia

  • Zhao Ziyang — Este es un nombre chino; el apellido es Zhao. Zhao Ziyang 7.º secretario General del Partido Comunista Chino …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zhao Ziyang — Zhao Zi•yang [[t]ˈdʒaʊ ˈzœˈyɑŋ[/t]] n. cjh big born 1919, Chinese Communist leader: premier 1980–87; general secretary of the Communist Party 1987–89 …   From formal English to slang

  • Zhao Ziyang — /jow zue yahng / born 1919, Chinese Communist leader: premier 1980 87; general secretary of the Communist Party 1987 89. * * * ▪ 2006  Chinese politician (b. Oct. 17, 1919, Henan province, China d. Jan. 17, 2005, Beijing, China), rose to… …   Universalium

  • Zhao Ziyang — or Chao Tzu yang biographical name 1919 Chinese Communist leader (1987 89) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Zhao Ziyang —  (1910–2005) Prime minister of China (1980–87), general secretary of Chinese Communist Party (1987–89) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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